I used two signifiers along with the text. The first of these was a red coloured cross on the front cover of the book, which resembles blood. This is a key signifier as the main character murdered two innocent people at the beggining of the book. The cross is also significant as the Sonya, a female character featuring towards the end of the book, hands Raskolnikov a cross when he goes to confess his crime. He wishes to own up to his mistakes and hopes religion will guide him back onto the road to redemption.
The other signifier I used was a hand drawn image of an iconic building from St Petersberg. This is symbolic of the area, as the signifier has a visual resemblance to the signified. I thought it was important to feature something old and historic, as the city has a lot of heritage and rich in history.